예약금없는출장샵
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  • 고흥콜걸ェ예약금없는출장샵♣고흥목포 모텔 추천<고흥양산 젤리 마사지>£〖고흥국산 마사지〗⇪고흥마사지 기계↔고흥안마방 왕가슴녀⇪고흥중국 마사지 후기↝고흥동대구역 모텔▽고흥안산 조건

    As UN climate negotiations resume in Bonn, we look at why the crunch Paris climate conference from 30 November to 11 December is so important

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    French foreign minister Laurent Fabius talks to delegates during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn, Germany. Photograph: Martin Meissner/AP

    고흥콜걸★예약금없는출장샵♫고흥목포 모텔 추천<고흥모텔 전화>╉〖고흥대전 여관〗♗고흥마누라 마사지❄고흥호치민 리버티 마사지 가격κ고흥일본 마사지 야동ⓞ고흥fc2 안마방]고흥익산 마사지

    The governments of more than 190 nations 광양예약금 없는 출장 샵 , aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and thus avoiding the threat of dangerous climate change.

    고흥콜걸☪예약☎고흥목포 모텔 추천<고흥대전 모텔 추천>┚〖고흥구의 안마방〗1고흥안마방 ssul♪고흥영등포 안마방◐고흥해수욕장 마사지 토렌트♚고흥청라 마사지╈고흥수원역 안마방

    Current commitments on greenhouse gas emissions run out in 2020, so at Paris governments are expected to produce an agreement on what happens for the decade after that at least, and potentially beyond.

    Emissions trajectory Photograph: Guardian

    고흥콜걸▶출장부르는법♥고흥목포 모텔 추천<고흥안마방 섹스>✙〖고흥라페 안마방〗╇고흥감성마사지란♂고흥안마방 쓰리섬▪고흥안마방 미러♂고흥발마사지⇛고흥아스카 키라라 마사지

    Scientists have warned that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, we will pass the threshold beyond which global warming becomes catastrophic and irreversible. That threshold is estimated as a temperature rise of 2C above pre-industrial levels, and on current emissions trajectories jub.xyz . That may not sound like much, but the temperature difference between today’s world and the last ice age was about 5C, so seemingly small changes in temperature can mean big differences for the Earth.

    고흥콜걸♖예약→고흥목포 모텔 추천<고흥포항 모텔 추천>╏〖고흥24시간 마사지〗⇗고흥주안 여관㊣고흥심천 마사지║고흥부산 서면 모텔☂고흥마사지 망가☜고흥안마방 오픈시간

    They have: global negotiations on climate change have been carrying on for more than 20 years. The history of climate change goes back much further: in the 19th century, physicists theorised about the role of greenhouse gases, chiefly carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere, and several suggested that the warming effect would increase alongside the levels of these gases in the atmosphere. But this was all theoretical.

    Only in the past few decades have scientists begun the measurements necessary to establish a relationship between current carbon levels and temperatures, and the science conducted since then 동두천피파 안마방 : that rising greenhouse gas emissions, arising from our use of fossil fuels and our industries, lead to higher temperatures.

    고흥콜걸┹예약↔고흥목포 모텔 추천<고흥마사지 기획물>⇤〖고흥천안 출장마사지〗♥고흥머리 마사지[고흥남성 왁싱▒고흥세종시 안마방⇡고흥상남동 마사지▶고흥타이 마사지 팁

    No. Global temperatures have been on a clear upward path. There was a spike in 1998, after which temperatures were lower – 전주출장샵 – that led some climate sceptics to claim that the world was cooling.

    고흥콜걸고흥중리동 안마방

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  • But it is important to note that temperatures have not fallen, or stalled – they have continued to rise. Given the variations that characterise our weather systems, a period in which the rate of warming slowed is not unexpected.

    For the past two years, the rate of warming seems to have accelerated again , but little can be construed from that.

    고흥콜걸◐예약금없는출장샵┎고흥목포 모텔 추천<고흥센슈얼 마사지>♥〖고흥천안 퇴폐〗■고흥신데렐라 안마방┴고흥용산 안마방╦고흥익산 모텔 가격✣고흥태국 마사지 야동❀고흥가락동 마사지

    In 1992, governments met in Rio de Janeiro and 동해노원 안마방 . That agreement, still in force, bound governments to take action to avoid dangerous climate change, but did not specify what actions. Over the following five years, governments wrangled over what each should do, and what should be the role of developed countries versus poorer nations.

    Those years of argument produced, in 1997, 카지노사이트 . That pact required worldwide cuts in emissions of about 5%, compared with 1990 levels, by 2012, and each developed country was allotted a target on emissions reductions. But developing countries, including China, South Korea, Mexico and other rapidly emerging economies, were given no targets and allowed to increase their emissions at will.

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    포천여성전용 마사지 후기 평택출장샵 군포아로마 마사지 팬티
    People sign the Earth pledge made at the the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in June 1992. Photograph: UN Photo

    Al Gore, then US vice-president, signed up to the protocol, but it was quickly apparent that it would never be ratified by the US Congress. Legally, the protocol could not come into force until countries representing 55% of global emissions had ratified it. With the US – then the world’s biggest emitter – on the outside, that was not going to happen.

    So for most of the following decade, the Kyoto protocol remained in abeyance and global climate change negotiations ground to a near-halt. But in late 2004, 카지노사이트 – unexpectedly, and as part of a move to have its application for World Trade Organisation membership accepted by the European Union. That made up the weight needed, and the protocol finally came into force.

    고흥콜걸☂출장부르는법⇂고흥목포 모텔 추천<고흥아로마 마사지 팬티>유〖고흥마사지 강간〗◊고흥출장 보증금ト고흥출장안마추천♪ 고흥양평 마사지»고흥양구 안마방♗고흥사상 안마방

    Not quite. The US, under George W Bush, remained firmly outside Kyoto, so although the UN negotiations carried on year after year, the US negotiators were often in different rooms from the rest of the world. It was clear a new approach was needed that could bring the US in, and encourage the major developing economies – especially China, now the world’s biggest emitter – to take on limits to their emissions.

    What followed was, 의성전립선 마사지 느낌 an action plan that set the world on the course to a new agreement that would take over from Kyoto.

    고흥콜걸╡예약금없는출장샵┈고흥목포 모텔 추천<고흥신림 아로마 마사지>✔〖고흥커플 마사지 tumblr〗⇁고흥사타구니 마사지║고흥태국 마사지 여행┬고흥목포 마사지レ고흥50m┗고흥광명시 안마방

    It did take a long time. But getting agreement from 196 countries was never going to be easy. The next act of this long-running drama fully demonstrated that: the 대전출장샵 .

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    의정부홍진호 안마방 서울출장안마 김포출장오피
    US president Barack Obama along with European leaders including German chancellor Angela Merkel, centre, attend negotiations on the final night of the Copenhagen UN Climate Change summit in Denmark on 18 December 2009. Photograph: Pool/Getty Images

    고흥콜걸┨예약⇚고흥목포 모텔 추천<고흥마스카 안마방>◐〖고흥삼성역 안마방〗♂고흥출장서비스▷고흥송우리 안마방☀고흥출장 사기└고흥안마방 엄마♣고흥광명 안마방

    Everything but the treaty. All of the world’s developed countries and the biggest developing countries agreed – for the first time – to limits on their greenhouse gas emissions. This was a landmark, as it meant the world’s biggest emitters were united towards a single goal.

    The emissions reductions agreed on were still not enough to meet scientific advice, but they were a big advance on reducing emissions compared with “business as usual”.

    But what didn’t happen turned out to be the point that NGOs and many in the press seized on. 온라인카지노 .

    고흥콜걸⇚예약☝고흥목포 모텔 추천<고흥일본 오일 마사지>╘〖고흥강릉 모텔 추천〗│고흥타이 마사지 아로마ウ고흥안마방 bj➠고흥서산 마사지☄고흥pornhub 안마방⇤고흥동인천 마사지

    It depends on your viewpoint. The Kyoto protocol was a beautifully written, watertight, fully legally binding international treaty, a sub-treaty of the similarly binding UNFCCC. But it never met its objectives, because it wasn’t ratified by the US, and not by Russia until it was too late. And 군산출장샵 .

    The Copenhagen agreement, on the other hand, was not fully adopted by the UN in 2009 because of last-minute chaos at the conference, though it was ratified the following year 양양섹스 마사지 . For this reason, the Copenhagen agreement was derided as a failure by green groups.

    고흥콜걸♣예약금없는출장샵➛고흥목포 모텔 추천<고흥안마방 장부>═〖고흥안구 마사지〗➛고흥산남동 마사지♖고흥포항 모텔 추천✄고흥안마방 동창┑고흥안마방 썰만화↽고흥안마방 오랄

    But the targets agreed at Copenhagen, in the form of a document signed by world leaders, still stand.

    Representatives of governments from more than 190 nations will try to reach an agreement on carbon emissions at the COP 21 Paris climate talks in December. Photograph: COP21

    고흥콜걸↥예약금없는출장샵❂고흥목포 모텔 추천<고흥안마방 알바 구하는법>❈〖고흥잠실 마사지〗➦고흥낙성대 마사지¤고흥안마방 동영상★고흥안마방 에이스 토렌트►고흥안마방 감염⇢고흥화성 안마방

    We know already what the biggest emitters have committed to. The 전라남도청소년 안마방 , compared with 1990 levels, by 2030. The 카지노사이트 , compared with 2005 levels, by 2025. dhc2016.xyz .

    Nations responsible for more than 90% of global emissions have now come up with their targets – 강릉양산 마사지 . These include all of the major developed and developing countries, though their contributions vary: in the case of developed countries, actual cuts in emissions, but for developing countries a range of targets including limits on emissions compared to “business as usual”, and pledges to increase low-carbon energy or preserve forests.

    Analysis of the INDCS, endorsed by the UN, has suggested that 카지노사이트 . That is not quite enough to meet the scientific advice. However, that is not the end of the story. One of the key components of any Paris agreement would be to institute a system of review of the emissions targets every five years, with a view to ratcheting them upwards.

    Another, and complementary, approach is to make more effort to bring down emissions outside the UN process, for instance by engaging “non-state actors” such as cities, local governments and businesses to do more.

    고흥콜걸☆예약┯고흥목포 모텔 추천<고흥안양 안마방>ソ〖고흥스포츠 마사지〗↾고흥신림 마사지✌고흥태국 현지 마사지◊고흥오피 마사지♘고흥사각근 마사지➻고흥서울출장안마

    Not at all – the other key question, apart from emissions reductions, is finance. Poorer countries want the rich world to provide them with financial help that will enable them to invest in clean technology to cut their greenhouse gas emissions, and to adapt their infrastructure to the likely damage from climate change.

    This is a hugely contentious issue. At Copenhagen, where the finance part of the deal was only sorted out at the very last minute, 군산출장샵 , and they said that by 2020, financial flows of at least $100bn a year would be provided.

    As a cornerstone of any Paris agreement, poor countries want assurances that this pledge will be met. That has now been given, in several forms: 온라인카지노 showing that two thirds of the finance required is already being supplied; and 광주출장샵 showed that the remainder can be made up by increased finance from the World Bank and other development banks, and from the private sector. The World Bank and several governments have already committed to upping their financial assistance, meaning that a clear path towards the 2020 target can now be discerned.

    There is more, however. Poor nations also want a similar provision in place beyond 2020, but there is strong disagreement over how this should be done. Some want all the money to come from rich country governments, but those governments are adamant that they will not provide such funding solely from the public purse. They want international development banks, such as the World Bank, to play a role, and they want most of the funding to come from the private sector.

    An agreement on this is still possible, but it will be one of the main obstacles to a Paris deal.

    고흥콜걸↭예약금없는출장샵⇪고흥목포 모텔 추천<고흥마사지 배우는곳>┃〖고흥마사지 배우는곳〗↤고흥전립선 마사지 부작용☵고흥천안 조건☆고흥파주 안마방⇙고흥광주 모텔 추천➵고흥체코 마사지 fc2

    Yes. The heads of state or government of more than 130 countries have already said they will come. These include Barack Obama of the US, Xi Jinping of China, Narendra Modi of India, Angela Merkel of Germany and David Cameron of the UK. have as yet pulled out as a result of the terrorist attacks on Paris, and security has been stepped up as an assurance. Unlike the Copenhagen talks, however, at which world leaders turned up at the last minute of the two weeks of talks to find their negotiating teams in chaos and without a clear agreement for them to sign, this time the leaders will arrive at the beginning of the conference, give their negotiating teams clear instructions, and expect a fully formed agreement at the end of it.

    On behalf of the French government, the conference will be led by foreign minister Laurent Fabius, and environment minister Segolene Royal, but the French president Francois Hollande will also play a key role. They are all confident that a deal can be made.

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    천안출장안마 서울안마방 할머니 okbari.xyz
    French president Francois Hollande. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer /Pool/EPA

    고흥콜걸☚ 예약금없는출장샵╰고흥목포 모텔 추천<고흥타이마사지 ㅁㅁㄹ>◕〖고흥범계 마사지〗♤고흥이발소 마사지◊고흥거제 안마방 추천⇚고흥안마방 몰 카●고흥하노이 vip 마사지⊙고흥칠곡3지구 마사지

    The key question now is over security. With the French capital under recent attack, and reports of fresh assaults averted by the armed forces, the atmosphere in Paris will be unlike any city that has hosted major international talks before. Security will be paramount - the French police and army will be on the streets, and the venue will be patrolled by uniformed UN guards - but the atrocities of 13 November will hang heavily on all delegates. This may mean that when world leaders attend private meetings, terrorism is discussed before climate change. But it may also mean that delegates are under more pressure than ever to come up with a deal, given the tragic circumstances surrounding them.고흥콜걸고흥안마방 보지♕고흥육덕 마사지タ〖고흥포천 안마방〗고흥구리 모텔 추천☜고흥하복대 안마방カ고흥전기 마사지η고흥천안 마사지セ광주출장안마예약금없는출장샵고흥창동 마사지χ고흥창동역 마사지マ〈고흥저주파 마사지〉고흥장 마사지ネ고흥사당 안마방⇖고흥마사지 움짤⇚고흥마사지 만화♡고흥콜걸군산올탈 마사지고흥경산 사우나 마사지➼고흥중앙동 안마방❀[고흥선릉역 마사지]고흥티켓 썰╌고흥대구 마사지モ고흥동대문 안마방┌고흥병점 안마방]고흥덕천동 마사지⇡고흥김원중 안마방✦《고흥현풍 마사지》고흥호텔식 마사지■고흥오류동 안마방╳고흥24시간 마사지☠고흥텀블러 안마방♪고흥모텔출장마사지샵▧고흥조건 만남 카페╚「고흥수지 안마방」고흥출장 사기⇛고흥평택 안마방⇣고흥시흥 안마방的고흥유선 마사지▬고흥나트랑 마사지╆고흥안마방 시간제☺(고흥청주 안마방 가격)고흥텔레그램 야동╂고흥국산 안마방 몰카♂고흥태국 안마방☆고흥일본 마사지 몰카♐24시출장샵진해일본식 안마방출장부르는법고흥군산 모텔 추천▤고흥대만 호텔 마사지ト〖고흥영통 마사지〗고흥전립선 마사지 느낌┏고흥커플 마사지 방법↣고흥동대구 여관☇고흥안마방 시간제カ고흥콜걸고흥콜걸원주출장샵고흥대천 안마방고흥연신내 안마방고흥동작구 안마방고흥마사지 움짤고흥콜걸고흥요괴 마사지U고흥사상 출장◊〈고흥안마방 전립선〉고흥마사지 강간↶고흥당진 안마방➹고흥광주 안마방 추천⇍고흥안마방 어디까지ν함양kcm 안마방

    If nations can meet and agree equitable goals on the climate, in these circumstances, it will be a triumph for international cooperation, for our wellbeing and security, and for faith in the future, in the face of forces who wish to destroy all three.

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